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Security Brief: EMH2 Week of November 29, 2021

Week of Monday, November 29, 2021 | Issue 38

Alyssa Schmidt, Chandlyr Mickan, Benjamin Maher, Emergency Management, Health, and Hazards Team


Vietnam Flooding[1]


Date: December 2, 2021

Location: Central Vietnam

Parties involved: Vietnam government; Vietnam Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh; Vietnam Disaster Management Agency (VDMA); Dak Lak residents; Phu Yen residents; Binh Dinh residents; Kon Tum residents; Local farmers; The National Meteorology Centre; Vietnam Red Cross Society (VNRC); The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF); Central Steering Committee for National Disaster Prevention and Control

The event: A storm in Vietnam has caused multiple landslides and flooding.[2] Several major roadways have been closed, and over 6,000 households have been displaced due to the floods.[3] There are reports of 18 missing or deceased individuals at the time of this report.[4]

The implications:

  • Dak Lak is a place that grows a major supply of coffee; the flooding could cause problems with supply and demand. It is likely that if flooding increases then fields used for coffee will be impacted, as seen with rice fields. There is a threat that this will impact exports and create an income loss. There is a risk that global manufacturers and suppliers seek other avenues of supply, likely impacting long-term supply chains in Vietnam.

  • It is likely that popular destinations for tourists will be affected. Beaches have been impacted by the flooding and it is likely that local infrastructure will need to be rebuilt. It is unlikely that local communities and businesses will have enough income to rebuild due to the impact of COVID-19 on tourism.

  • COVID-19 has very likely impacted schooling and local businesses through forced closures, creating a limited supply of services. It is likely the flooding will exacerbate these conditions and there is a growing risk that children fall further behind in education. It is likely that as family incomes are impacted, more children will be forced to leave school in support of family agricultural practices and work. The Vietnam government will likely work with communities to try and support multi-function households by creating employment and monetary opportunities while increasing the support of education to children.

  • The flooding is likely to misplace community members as they seek shelter and there is a likely risk that communities will see a decline in population. It is crucial that the Vietnam government and local municipalities work on rebuilding shelter and critical infrastructure after emergency efforts are finished. It is likely that smaller communities will leave their current territories, creating scarcity of essential goods if businesses and services decline.

  • It is likely that communication and emergency efforts are impacted by the flooding. It is likely that due to road closures, emergency personnel will be unable to receive essential goods and services, hindering rescue efforts. Once shelters are in place and vulnerable civilians are located, it is likely they will need water, food, medicines, and clothing. Transport delays due to flooding are likely to put a stress on this process.

Date: December 3, 2021

Location: Kelantan/Terengganu, Malaysia

Parties involved: Malaysia Emergency Response Services (MERS); Royal Malaysian Police (RMP); Fire and Rescue Department of Malaysia (FRDM); Ministry of Health Malaysia (MOH); Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA); The Terengganu Disaster Management Committee; The Malaysian Meteorological Department (MetMalaysia); Malaysian residents; Setui district relief center; Kampung Bari Besar community hall; Masjid Chalok Kedai relief centers; Masjid Gong Terap relief centers; Masjid Kampung Merbau Menyusut relief center; Sekolah Kebangsaan Kampung Besut relief centers; Kampung Bukit Mak Som community center; SK Gual Tinggi relief center

The event: A flood in Malaysia has forced over 150 residents to evacuate and seek shelter in surrounding communities.[5] A second wave of floodwaters are expected in multiple Kelantan districts due to strong winds and continued rain.[6]

Analysis & Implications:

  • Emergency response teams and flooding relief centers are likely to be prepared for an intake of evacuees, as flooding occurs seasonally in the region. Resources including food, drinking water, sanitization methods, and medical supplies should be organized and distributed throughout the districts affected by the flood. It will likely be necessary to organize the importation of further supplies and healthcare workers as rainfall and flooding continues.

  • Residents will likely be familiar with personal and community resources in order to maintain safety if evacuation or rescue become necessary. While this is likely to increase the safety of many, it is unlikely that all residents will take precautions such as early evacuation or preparing belongings for possible flood damage. Community resources such as relief centers are highly likely to continue to be utilized as more families are affected by the flood. Local emergency response organizations will likely need to prepare for immediate responses of those in critical danger of the floodwaters.

  • Rescue teams and safety response coordinators are highly likely to experience increased levels of stress as many citizens require attention within the same time period. The second wave of floodwater is nearly certain to cause further damage to local farmland, infrastructure, transportation efforts, and communication abilities.

  • Static floodwater is highly likely to spread communicable diseases. Community members should take every precaution in monitoring sources of drinking water and sanitation efforts. It may be necessary to monitor crops produced in flooded farmland to ensure they are safe for future human consumption.

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[1] Vietnam- Phong Nha in flood 13 by Alan & Flora Botting licensed under Creative Commons

[2] Rains trigger floods and landslides in Vietnam, 18 missing, Reuters, December 2021, https://www.reuters.com/markets/commodities/rains-trigger-floods-landslides-vietnam-18-missing-2021-12-02/

[3] Floods leave 10 dead, missing in Central Vietnam, ANI News, December 2021, https://www.aninews.in/news/world/asia/floods-leave-10-dead-missing-in-central-vietnam20211201175711/

[4] Rains trigger floods and landslides in Vietnam, 18 missing, Reuters, December 2021, https://www.reuters.com/markets/commodities/rains-trigger-floods-landslides-vietnam-18-missing-2021-12-02/

[5] Setiu activates flood operations centre as more evacuees expected, New Straits Times, December 2021, https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2021/12/751090/setiu-activates-flood-operations-centre-more-evacuees-expected,

[6] Rantau Panjang folks ready to face second wave of flood, New Straits Times, December 2021, https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2021/12/750740/rantau-panjang-folks-ready-face-second-wave-flood

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